PT. Mutu Hijau Indonesia

2nd High Level Market Dialogue - 2012

"Boosting the Export of Indonesian Verified Legal Timber Products to Europe-USA-Japan and China

JW Marriott Hotel, Jakarta - Indonesia

March 20th 2012

Organized by GPEI in collaboration with PT. Mutu Hijau Indonesia


Nearly 200 delegates from across the globe assembled in Jakarta for a two day conference on 20th and 21st March. The conference aim was to help boost the awareness of Indonesia’s Timber Legality Verification System (SVLK)established by the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry in June 2009, otherwise referred to as Timber Legality Assurance System (TLAS), in discerning international markets, as an effort  to increase the exports of Indonesian Verified Legal Timber Products. An impressive line up of speakers addressed participants, including Indonesian Ministers, Indonesian and international business leaders and representatives from four continents – North America, Europe, Asia and Australia. These included Ambassadors from the EU, an official from the Australian government, the President of the European Timber Trade Federation and experts in the field of solid wood and paper as well as consultants, ENGOs, institutions, corporations and other stakeholders.

Background:  With less than a year before new European Union Timber Regulations (EUTR) comes into effect and will prohibit the  placing of illegal timber products in the EU, efforts are being stepped up to boost the preparedness of Indonesian producers of SLVK timber products and their ability to access the EU market.  With support from the EU, the Indonesian Exporters Association in collaborating with PT. Mutu Hijau Indonesiahosted this event with the aim of boosting the exports of Indonesian Verified Legal timber products to Europe and also to other countries.  The EU imports annually US$ 1.2 billion in timber and paper products from Indonesia,or 15% of the nation’s exports. In March 2013, compliance with the new EUTR will be required. In line with the request of the Government Indonesia to consumers around the world not to buy illegal products, this regulation will prohibit the trade of illegal timber products into the EU. It will also require EU operators to exercise Due Diligence (DD) to minimise the risk of placing illegal timber products onto the EU market.  This regulation will complement efforts from countries like Indonesia to tackle illegal logging on the production side. It could also facilitate Indonesia's access to additional markets in the EU. In May 2011, Forestry Minister Zulkfli Hasan and EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht signed a declaration on the conclusion of a deal on legal timber trade, the Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA). The new EUTR recognises that products from VPA countries will automatically be considered legal, making compliance by EU buyers easier.

The Keynote Presentations were opened under the chairmanship Dr. Boen Poernama, Senior Advisor To The Indonesian Minister of Forestry.

Dr Ken McDicken of FAwas who provided an overview of the global forest resource over 4 billion ha, representing 31% of global land. While the same area of forest resource still stands as in 1948, this figure masks regional differences such as a decline of forest resources in the tropics which offsets gains in the Northern Hemisphere.  He pointed out that Indonesia’s forest area of 50 million ha of forest was larger than the other four VPA countries (all in Africa) combined. He reviewed the capacity of each county to produce legal timber and manage carbon stocks based on the results of FAO General Forest Resource Assessment (GFRA). “In the capacity to meet legality standards,” he said“Indonesia leads with SVLK.” He concluded that if SVLK meets future importer standards and the forest area follows, then Indonesia is well placed to lead.

Dr. Ken McDicken, FAO

Kerstin Canby, of Forest Trends in the USA, pointed out that in 2009 only 0.8% of the world’s certified forests are in Asia – compared to 56% in USA and 26% in Europe. Indonesia sends 41% by value of its forest products to the environmentally sensitive markets in Europe, North America, Japan and Australia. In each of these markets, new policies or legislative requirements such as the EUTR or the amended Lacey Act, are driving the market in verified legal or certified sustainable timber and paper products. She went on to suggest that systems which demonstrate a ’robust’ system of Due Diligence, such as certification or SLVK, should help assure importers and retailers in these markets that they are meeting the due diligence / due care requirements of the EU TR and Lacey Act in USA, but she noted that even this is not a guarantee.

Kerstin Canby, Forest Trends USA

John Talbot from the Australian Dept of Ag, Fish & Forestry gave a thorough description of the new Australian Law on Forestry aimed at eliminating illegal wood. The Bill still needs to go through Parliament and receive the official Royal Assent. Once passed, it will place requirements on importers and domestic raw material suppliers to undertake Due Diligence to determine the legality of a list of regulated products. Six countries had given inputs to the Australian government during a consultation process.

Clive Suckling of PWC UK covered the prospects and opportunities for Indonesian paper and gave supporting statistics from which he then suggested that “Indonesia can be very competitive in the global market.”

The following Q&A Session covered issues referring to whether certification should offer Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) or legality assurances; if legal verification is sufficient and whether the Australian government will accept imports of Indonesian furniture.  Mr Suckling pointed out that the EU perception is that the Indonesian bar has been set low whereas in fact the issue of perception goes beyond certification and laws in Indonesia. Mr Talbot said that Australia is not accrediting any system but is just requiring importers to undertake Due Diligence.  “If the SVLK is used by an importer for Due Diligence, then so be it” he said.    

A Panel Session followed with the HE Ambassador Julian Wilson, Head of Delegation of the EU to Indonesia, Dr Agus Sarsito, Director of International Cooperation, Ministry of Forestry, James Carouso US Counselor for Economic Affairs and Vice Minister Shimokawa of Japan, who all made short addresses. This panel session is chaired by Dr. Frances Seymor (DG of CIFOR).

Ambassador Wilson said that the “impact on Indonesia depends on whether SVLK is perceived as credible by EU buyers” - a theme repeated throughout the rest of the day’s discussions.

Mr Carouso wanted Indonesia to use its natural resources in a sustainable way and affirmed that the USA would continue to assist financially in its efforts.

Mr Shimokawa discussed the progress Japan has made in implementing verification policies. 

Dr Agus Sarsito talked about the challenges and opportunities of SVLK and suggested that FSC is not the only game in town and also expressed his concern about the cost of certification for SMEs. He also pointed out that more and more wood in Indonesia comes from plantation forest – which now accounts for 79.46% of Indonesia’s forest area. But most important of all, he suggested, was that “we need partner countries to promote our SVLK. Then together we can meet the challenge.

In the Q&A Session a delegate from IKEA, which sources in 51 countries and retails in 25 countries with 60% of its products in wood, called for a unified certification system. A representative from WWF asked when the VPA, now agreed by EU and Indonesia, will actually be signed - which drew diplomatic but non-committal answers from both sides.

After a Networking Lunch, delegates heard from Rachel Butler and Mr Andreas von Moeller, President of the European Timber Trade Federation (ETTF), who talked of the decline in imports of Indonesian and other tropical timber products into the EU. “Buyers there are confused” he said and suggested that the consumer pressure in EU is for certified rather than legal wood. “Buying wood should not be controversial, but clean and easy,” he concluded. Ms Butler had earlier said that certification is likely to be viewed by trade as good evidence of Due Diligence but at present the EUTR does not automatically accept certified timber products as exempt/zero risk under the EUTR but as yet the implementing regulation and guidance is not published.

Mr.Wu Shengfu of the Chinese Forestry Products Industry Association discussed how to export legal timber products to China, for re-export to EU, USA and Japan; but added that time is needed to refine procedures.

Rupert Oliver of Forest Industries Intelligence gave a comprehensive review of the American hardwood industries’ approach to its resource challenges through risk assessment. For years, he said, the US hardwood industry, which is the largest hardwood lumber producer in the world, had addressed the needs of verification for 3.7 million small forest owners, with 220,000 owners harvesting annually. The US industry commissioned an independent risk assessment of illegal logging (Seneca Creek Study, 2008) that had shown less than 1% risk of illegal logs entering the supply chain. He concluded that the US could offer many lessons learned and that it was all about “getting incentives right”.  Finally Christian Mengel from IWPA in USA spoke of the many changes in the wood industry and called for mutual recognition of certifications schemes as now essential.                          

Questions and Dialogue subsequently focused on business ethics with regard to China; the quality of Indonesian wood furniture compared to that in Malaysia; and the cost of verification.  During this period it was confirmed that the SVLK (and EUTR) cover furniture. 

An Awarding Ceremony of Timber Legality Verification,

Afther the report of Dipl Ing Benny Soestrino, Chairman of the Indonesian Exporters Association (GPEI) which had organised the event in collaboration with PT Mutu Hijau Indonesia, than followed by awarding the Timber Legality Verification from PT Mutu Hijau Indonesia to Kelompok Tani Sejahtera, PT. Inhutani I Unit Gresik, PT. Inhutani I Unit Juata, PT. Abhirama Kresna and FMU Enggal Mulyo and an evocation of commitment (petition) to two Ministers present.

Penyerahan Sertifikat Legalitas Kayu MHI kepada Klien oleh Menteri Perindustrian, Menteri Perdagangan dan SAM Menteri Kehutanan

Awarding MHI timber legality certificates by Minister of Trade and Minister of Industry

Both Ministers responded:

Ir M.S. Hidayat, Minister of Industry, stated that wood production accounted for 5.5% of the national non-oil and gas economy and that the trade had suffered from the effects of illegal logging.  He re-stated much of what had been discussed during the day and asserted that this market had greater expectations and hoped that “we will continue in a sustainable way”.

Dr Gita Wirjawan, Minister of Trade, pointed out that Indonesia’s export trade in 2011 at $2,003 billion had doubled in 5 years. The nation’s 2011 level of exports was due to trade with China and India which had enjoyed double digit growth. “The SVLK, done by the Ministry of Forestry was a noble effort” he said “and was in line with the government’s policy towards added value and industrialisation.” He concluded that Indonesia is still at an early stage of industrialisation and therefore he was sensitive to the fact that implementation of SVLK would take time for Indonesia to be verifiable.

The Final Panel Session of the day was opened with an informative presentation by Ms Aida Greenbury, MD of Asia Paper & Pulp on the trade by both Indonesia and her company which had participated in a pilot project of SVLK from the very start. But she warned that there were still challenges ahead for the scheme. Clive Sucking said that SVLK is at the beginning of a journey and that raising awareness will be important; that lack of knowledge needs to change. “Indonesia needs to communicate SVLK as a rather high bar” he concluded. Andreas von Moeller, in giving a European view warned that “all of us are a little bit afraid of EUTR” and added that bureaucracy is the biggest enemy of free trade. A representative from the furniture association ASMINDO, in the absence of its President Mr Ambar Tjahyono, affirmed that his 2,780 member association would support SVLK. He concluded that the four main challenges, especially for SMEs, are: getting official, regional and national permission; a wood tracking system; the cost of certification and securing international acceptance of the scheme. Anders Hildeman of IKEA said that the companies’ customers rated sustainability at the top of their list of expectations and called for harmonisation in the field of voluntary certification. “SVLK will help IKEA and Indonesia in working at the often complex supply chains”, he stated.

Michael Buckley, wood industry consultant and raporteur for the day, made a few closing remarks with regard to the constant themes that had threaded through the dialogue relating to the lead that Indonesia has taken, the challenges facing SVLK and the importance of establishing and communicating credibility to the markets. The global market for furniture, that had averaged $100 billion in 2009 & 2010, presented Indonesia with huge opportunities he suggested, and agreed with the earlier statement by Clive Suckling that “Indonesia is well placed to move forward as a competitive industry internationally.”       






March 21st, 2012


Organized by Permanent Committee on Forest Timber Products of the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industries (KADIN)

in collaboration with the Indonesian Exporters Association (GPEI) and PT. Mutu Hijau Indonesia (PT. MHI)


A group of around 70 Indonesian and EU delegates came together to share the vision and mission of each party for mutual understanding and strengthen business networks for the future. They discussed topics from the markets and also the supply side.  

Dr Suryo Bambang Sulisto, Chairman of the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce (KADIN) which organised the meeting in collaboration with Indonesian Exporterts Association and PT. Mutu Hijau Indonesia, welcomed the delegates.  “The timber trade between Indonesia and EU amounted to $1.2 billion and it is vital therefore that we understand the regulatory world within which we must operate” he said. “The USA, EU, Japan and Australia are all establishing new schemes which present us with challenges that we have to overcome, so this meeting gives us the opportunity to understand,” he added. And he closed with the observation that “perception goes beyond certification.”

Dr. Suryo Bambang Sulisto, Chairman of the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce (KADIN)

Dr Boen Purnama, Senior advisor to the Minister of Forestry, presented a very comprehensive overview of forestry in Indonesia and stressed that the VPA, which has been signed, must not become a non-tariff barrier. He hoped that countries will swiftly reject illegal timber and said that TLAS (SVLK) is the instrument to restrict it. “The country is committed to address illegal logging, which will continue if the market allows it,” he concluded.

Ambassador Julian Wilson, EU Ambassador to Indonesia, welcomed the organisation of this business dialogue by KADIN as an opportunity to promote awareness on the EU’s market requirements and opportunities. He said, "The VPA has the potential to considerably improve the perception of Indonesian timber products on the EU market and, with the new EU Timber Regulation coming, Indonesian producers could have a competitive advantage against producers from non-VPA countries." He also said that this meeting was a deliberate attempt to start dialogue that would help the growth of Indonesian trade.  Failure would mean Indonesia would not rise from supplying only 10% of its production to the EU and the risk is that, if there is not a credible SVLK, buyers will go elsewhere. He added that the ‘roll out’ of SVLK presented a challenge because so far only 15-20 companies were being verified/licence per month. “Let’s start grouping companies, identify real exporters, and fund further progress with the €10 million still available,” he suggested.  EUTR is mandatory and VPA is a kind of mutual recognition, but SVLK can only go live (be signed) when we perceive it is up and ready, he added and urged that communication channels be created. 

HE Ambassador Julian Wilson, EU Ambassador to Indonesia

The Morning Discussion addressed many issues in detail with formal inputs from:

Dr. Djisman Simanjuntak, Chairman of the Vision Group of CEPA called for a re-think on equal benefit-sharing between Indonesia and the EU and discussed the importance of capacity building followed by facilitating. He agreed with Ambassador Wilson that Indonesia can be first in complying with EUTR and take advantage thereof.

Mr Purwadi Soeprihanto from KADIN the length of time it had taken from the Bali Declaration in 2001 to the SVLK agreement in 2011.  He referred to the certification schemes of FSC with 150 mill ha and PEFC with 241 mill ha of forest certified – as competition but suggested that engagement with them was needed to ensure market acceptance.    

Mr Moeller of ETTF, discussing the readiness of EU importers for the EUTR, said that “we are all in the same boat” and hoped that the VPA would arrive early.  He suggested that EUTR was the biggest challenge our industry has ever had and that many stakeholders were not well prepared.  Certificates and verification are not passports to EUTR he asserted.  But, while the EU commission simply want to eliminate illegal logging, the European private sector wants a wider discussion that rewards wood against concrete steel and plastic. He also explained that ETTF is collaborating with other producers countries and their representatives such as MTC and AHEC.

Gavin Rostron from United Wood, which operates globally, gave a detailed view of responsible buying wood and said that their main priority is with suppliers that have complete control of their chain. He also later said that customers in Australia and NZ were now asking for SVLK material.

Mr. Andy Roby, FLEGT VPA Facilitator in Indonesia, then chaired a panel discussion “under the Chatham House Rules” so that no comments could be attributed to any one person.  Representatives from the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA), European Timber Trade Federation (ETTF), KADIN and international buyer Wood United presented their ideas:

Questions then related to the bottleneck in signing VPA, the differences between LEI and TLAS, the cost of certification and why LEI could not be merged with FSC or PEFC.

Responses were that the bottleneck is technical in nature, that PEFC is known to be talking to LEI/SVLK and that a phased approach to SVLK is the only safe way forward. One key point that dominated the discussion was the weakness of SMEs and that there are capacity limitations in the licensing of candidate companies which must be addressed.  Finally it was pointed out that Due Diligence these days applies to everyone in the timber trade.


Michael Buckley, wood industry consultant and raporteur for the morning, was asked to summarise the dialogue. He referred to the complexity and the comprehensive nature of the issues under discussion.  The commitment by the 70 members of the audience listening to the dialogue reminded him of the 50,000 – or perhaps 500,000 - of those who still know nothing of these issues - but need to know.  The same themes as of the previous day were again threaded through the dialogue; that clarification is still needed and that fear of, and risk of, failure is an issue.  But it was clear that all participants were committed to the progress of forest legality verification and improved confidence in timber trading.  The president of the European TTF had said “Doing nothing is not an option,” which was perhaps, Mr Buckley pointed out, evidence of a thread of frustration running through the morning session that he had detected. He concluded that Indonesia has taken a lead but may be in danger of not being rewarded for its efforts.   








March 21st, 2012

Organized by Permanent Committee on Forest Timber Products of the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industries (KADIN)

in collaboration with the Indonesian Exporters Association (GPEI) and PT. Mutu Hijau Indonesia (PT. MHI)


68 Indonesian and overseas delegates from key international market regions came together to share the vision and mission of each party for mutual understanding and for strengthening business networks for the future. They discussed topics of mutual interest relating to markets and supply of sustainable and verifiable timber. 

Dr Bambang Sujagad, Vice Chairman of the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce (KADIN) which had organised the meeting in collaboration with Indonesian Exporters Association and PT. Mutu Hijau Indonesia, welcomed the delegates. KADIN was formed by law, but is a private organisation to facilitate dialogue between industry and government to develop the economy. He said that Indonesia is becoming more and more competitive.

The Afternoon Presentations that followed were presided over by Andreas von Moeller, President of the European TTF.

Mr Hunawan Widjajanto of PT Kayu Lapis Indonesia and member of APKINDO reviewed the various international regulations and addressed the issue of readiness for using ‘V-Legal’. He concluded by affirming that “we are ready.” 

Kerstin Canby of Forest Trends (USA) clarified some of the issues challenges that had been raised in earlier sessions: the impact of the U.S. Lacey Act, which she likened to lightening which may strike anywhere; the expected explosive growth of the middle class in Asia and its impact on the Indonesian forest products industry; and the plight of SMEs in the SVLK process. 

Mr Boen Purnama addressed the practical needs for SVLK and the questions of its credibility and readiness and suggested a step approach by product and group certification for small scale operators.  “A better perception of forestry is necessary” he said and concluded that multi-stakeholder involvement is a must.

Mr Wu Shengfu gave a very comprehensive view of his attitude to certification in China and said that area under PEFC certificates in China is growing more rapidly than FSC.  He also claimed that TLAS is as good as FSC and could be endorsed with Chinese Forest Certification Council (CFCC), which is now bigger than FSC. 

Ms. Rachel Butler referred to the fact of EUTR as mandatory whereas SVLK is voluntary but that we are all looking to do the same thing. Mr Mengel said that for Lacey, if the species is not known then it is necessary to indicate what the species might be in order to be compliant.

Mr. John Talbot re-iterated his outline of the new Australian laws yet to be formally adopted.

The Afternoon Dialogue, under Chatham House Rules, brought to light the challenges that the SLVK will have in ensuring adequate readiness and credibility before it will be recognised in USA and Australia.  Progress is being made on readiness. Due to the nature of the US Lacey Act, the SLVK nor any other certification or verification scheme in the world, will never be formally recognized as proof of automatic compliance. However, assuming that it is seen as a credible verification standard with robust and independent third party review, it will likely be seen by retailers as able to demonstrate the due diligence required under the US Lacey Act. Australia would not be able formally to recognise SVLK. Another question was whether it might be possible to adapt SVLK to accommodate smaller community forests, which drew the response that if standards are lowered, the result is that credibility is lowered.  With that remark and there being no more questions the session ended ahead of schedule.   

Michael Buckley, raporteur for the afternoon, summarised by saying that all agreed the need for more dialogue and communications. Credibility had again been the big issue, but what happens next may be the challenge for all present, on their return to work.






March 20th, 2012

Over the past decade the Indonesian forestry sector and timber industry has struggled to overcome the illegal logging issue. The ITTO Technical Mission in 2001 said that illegal logging is a serious problem in Indonesia. Some claim that cross border smuggling alone may account for about 10 million cu.m annually. Timberproducts which are manufactured from illegally sourced timber such those smuggled out of Indonesia undermined the competitive position of the country’s timber sector in international markets.

This is about to change dramatically

The new national timber license accreditation scheme, the SVLK, will bring the issue of illegal logging in Indonesia to an end

The negotiation of a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) with the European Union and Indonesia’s compliance with the associated EU Timber Regulation will provide for unrestricted access to markets in Europe for FLEGT licensed timber products from Indonesia

Recognition of Indonesia’s SVLK verification in countries such as the USA, Japan, China and Australia will provide the much needed boost to the Indonesian timber sector

The Indonesian Exporters Association (GPEI) in collaboration with PT. Mutu Hijau Indonesia (MHI), will host the 2nd High Level Market Dialogue on the 20th March 2012.

Business leaders and policy makers will have the opportunity to discuss how the new legislation and regulations will be applied and how these will boost Indonesia’s timber products export putting the Indonesian timber sector back on a growth track.

The debate is also expected to address such questions as:

  • Will the application of the EU Timber Regulation and the associated FLEGT license be sufficient to satisfy the requirements of the Lacey Act, Japan’s Green Konyuho and the prospects in other markets?
  • How can collaboration between regulators in the market place be enhanced?
  • What are the plans for enforcement of the V-Legal process and documentation by the Government of Indonesia?
  • How can Indonesia and its trading partners take full advantage of the changed landscape to increase trade and cooperation?
  • What is the potential demand for Indonesian verified legal timber products in the main markets?
  • What is the situation in the countries with which Indonesia timber product exporters compete and how ready are they to supply verified legal timber products to international markets?


The primary objectives of this Market Dialogue are to provide an understanding of the SVLK and VPA to meet global regulatory demands and to provide an opportunity for the national and international business community to exchange views on the challenges and opportunities for expanding trade.


The Second High Level Market Dialogue is expected to attract 200 – 250 participants. Participating will be representatives from the Indonesian Ministry of Trade, Ministry of Forestry, Ministry of Industry, the National Standardization Agency / National Accreditation Committee.

In attendance will be representatives from the Indonesian Chamber  of  Commerceand Industry,  the Indonesian  Exporters  Association,  the  Forestry  Sector Associations (such as MPI, ISWA, ASMINDO, APHI, APKI, APKINDO), IUPHHK / IT Forest License Holders), primary and secondary product manufacturers (IUIPHHK, Advanced IUI), timber legality verification bodies, SFM assessment bodies, academics and representatives from international agencies, community groups, timber product manufacturers national and international NGOs as well as overseas buyers.

The event on the 20th will be followed by a back to back event on the 21st of March at the same venue organized by the Permanent Committee of Forest Products Industry of Kadin Indonesia (Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry) in collaboration with The Indonesian Exporters Association (GPEI) and PT. Mutu Hijau Indonesia (MHI).

Moderators for this business to business dialogue will be Dr. Hadi Daryanto (Secretary General of the Ministry of Forestry), Dr. Petrus Gunarso (Director of Tropen Bos Indonesia), Dr. Frances Seymour (DG of CIFOR) and Sofyan Wanandi (Chairman of the Employers’ Association of Indonesia). Speakers will include their Excellencies of Indonesian Ministers of Forestry, Industry, and Trade, their Excellencies Ambassadors to Indonesia from the European Union, the United States, Japan and China. In addition to these resource persons speakers Dr. Ken McDicken (Global Forest Resources Assessment - FAO), Forest Sector Associations, Clive Suckling of the PWC-UK, Ms. Kerstin Canby from Forest Trends - USA, Mr. Andreas von Möllerand Ms. Rachel Butler of the ETTF, Mr. John Halkett from Australia, Mr. Wu Shengfu and Ms. Zhang Bin Bin from China. 

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Kementerian Kahutanan baru saja merevisi ketentuan tentang Standar Verifikasi Legalitas Kayu (SVLK).  Namun, pembenahan pada sejumlah detil sistem ternyata masih diperlukan.

Direktur PT Mutu Hijau Indonesia Robianto Koestomo menyatakan ada beberapa hal yang perlu penjelasan lebih lanjut dalam SVLK.“Penjelasan tersebut diperlukan agar pelaksanaan bisa berjalan lancar”, kata dia beberapa waktu lalu.  PT Mutu Hijau Indonesia adalah salah satu lembaga verifikasi legalitas Kayu (LVLK) berbasis SVLK.

Revisi SVLK tertuang dalam Peraturan Menteri Kehutanan (Permenhut) No. P.68/Menhut-II/2011 tentang Perubahan atas Permenhut No. 38/2009 tentang Standar dan Pedoman Penilaian Kinerja Pengelolaan Hutan Produksi Lestari (PHPL) dan Verifikasi Legalitas Kayu (VLK) pada Pemegang Izin atau Hutan Hak yang terbit pada 21 Desember lalu.

Menindaklanjuti Permenhut tersebut, juga sudah diterbitkan Peraturan Dirjen Bina Usaha Kehutanan No. P.8/VI-BPP-HH/2011 tentang Standar dan Pedoman Pelaksanaan Penilaian Kinerja PHPL dan VLK.

Robianto mencontohkan, salah satu yang harus dijelaskan lebih lanjut adalah ketentuan soal keharusan adanya kontak kerjasama pasokan antara pedagang ekspor dengan pengrajin atau industri skala rumah tangga seperti diatur dalam standar dan pedoman SVLK.

Menurut dia, ketentuan tersebut bisa berdampak buruk bagi pengrajin dan industri rumah tangga.  “Pasalnya, begitu terikat kontrak, pedagang ekspor bisa saja menekan harga pembelian produk dari pengrajin.  Sementara pengrajin tak bisa mengalihkan penjualan begitu saja”, kata dia.

Disisi lain, lanjut Robianto, perlu ada penjelasan lebih lanjut apakah pedagang ekspor yang telah memperoleh sertifikat legalitas kayu bisa melakukan pembelian pengrajin lain yang belum memperoleh sertifikat legalitas kayu.

Penjelasan lebih lanjut juga diperlukan dalam proses penerbitan dokumen V-Legal, yang menjadi bukti legalitas produk yang akan diekspor.  Pasalnya, dokumen yang diterbitkan haruslah diteken dan dicap oleh LVLK dengan cara tekan timbul.  Hal ini membuat dokumen tidak bisa dikirim secara elektronik.  Padahal dokumen tersebut harus menyertai produk yang diekspor.

Dirjen Bina Usaha Kehutanan Kemenhut Iman Santoso membuka peluang untuk pembenahan terhadap ketentuan SVLK.  Menurut dia, jika memang dalam pelaksanaannya ternyata masih terdapat kekurangan, tentu harus diperbaiki.  “kalau ada celah tentu akan kita tutup” kata dia beberapa waktu lalu.

Iman menegaskan penerapan SVLK tidak dimaksudkan untuk menghambat laju industri pengolahan kayu sebaliknya untuk semakin mendorong kinerja industri.



Sementara itu Direktur Program Multistakeholder Forestry Programme (MFP) Diah Rahardjo menyatakan adanya ketentuan untuk pembuatan kontrak kerjasama dengan pedagang ekspor menguntungkan para pengrajin.  “Karena hal itu akan menciptakan jaminan pasar bagi pengrajin,” kata dia.

MFP adalah program yang dijalankan kolaboratif antara Indonesia dan Inggris untuk mendukung perbaikan tata kelola hutan Indonesia.  MFP terlibat dalam proses pembahasan SVLK sejak awal mulai tahun 2003.

Diah menjelaskan, banyak keuntungan yang bisa diperoleh dari pengrajin dan industri rumah tangga dengan diterapkannya SVLK.  Diantaranya adalah naiknya posisi tawar mereka terhadap industri inti atau pedagang ekspor.  “Bermodal sertifikat legalitas kayu, mereka punya bargaining position yang lebih baik,” kata dia.

MFP sendiri mengakui, industri kecil dan pengrajin butuh pendampingan dalam proses sertifikasi SLVK.  Untuk itu pihaknya menggelar pelatihan untuk sedikitnya 500 industri kecil pada tahun 2012 ini.  Diah juga meminta agar pemerintah menyediakan dana untuk pendampingan dan pelatihan bagi industri kecil.  MFP sendiri menyediakan dana sebesar Rp. 4,2 miliar pada tahun 2011 dan Rp. 4,8 miliar pada semester pertama 2012 untuk pelatihan tersebut.

Berdasarkan ketentuan tentang SVLK yang terbaru, industri skala rumah tangga dan pengrajin serta industri pengolahan kayu lanjutan lainnya memang diwajibkan untuk mengantongi sertifikat legalitas kayu.  Dalam ketentuan sebelumnya, kewajiban tersebut hanya berlaku untuk industri kayu primer misalnya kayu lapis dan woodworking.

Industri lanjutan yang dikenakan kewajiban mengantongi sertifikat legalitas kayu termasuk industri skala rumah tangga dan pengrajin sepanjang punya nilai investasi minimal Rp. 200 juta di luar tanah dan bangunan.  Mereka juga tetap dikenakan kewajiban tersebut meski sebelumnya sudah mendapatkan sertifikat lacak balak secara sukarela (voluntary). Kewajiban mendapatkan sertifikat legalitas kayu juga dikenakan kepada pedagang kayu tujuan ekspor.

Dalam proses ekspor, ketentuan tersebut akan berlaku efektif setelah Peraturan Menteri Perdagangan (permendag) No. 20/2008 tentang Ketentuan Ekspor Produk Industri Kehutanan diselaraskan.  Dalam Permendag No. 20/2008, produk industri kayu lanjutan memang belum terkena kewajiban verifikasi dokumen (endorsement) oleh lembaga independen. *Sugiharto


Sumber : AgroIndonesia

Vol VII N0. 387,

Edisi tgl 7-13 Feb 2012 

Page 2 of 3